GHCN

References

Easterling, D.R., and T.C. Peterson, 1995: A new method of detecting undocumented discontinuities in climatological time series, Int. J. of Climatol., 15, 369-377.

Karl, T.R., C.N. Williams, Jr., P.J. Young, and W.M. Wendland, 1986: A model to estimate the time of observation bias associated with monthly mean maximum, minimum, and mean temperature for the United States, J. Climate Appl. Meteor., 25, 145-160.

Karl, T.R., and C.W. Williams, Jr., 1987: An approach to adjusting climatological time series for discontinuous inhomogeneities, J. Climate Appl. Meteor., 26, 1744-1763.

Karl, T.R., H.F. Diaz, and G. Kukla, 1988: Urbanization: its detection and effect in the United States climate record, J. Climate, 1, 1099-1123.

Karl, T.R., C.N. Williams, Jr., F.T. Quinlan, and T.A. Boden, 1990: United States Historical Climatology Network (HCN) Serial Temperature and Precipitation Data, Environmental Science Division, Publication No. 3404, Carbon Dioxide Information and Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, 389 pp.

Menne, M. J., C. N. Williams, 2009:Homogenization of Temperature Series via Pairwise Comparisons, Journal of Climate 22: 1700-1717

Menne, M.J., C.N. Williams, and R.S. Vose, 2009: The United States Historical Climatology Network Monthly Temperature Data – Version 2. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90, 993-1107.

Menne, M. J., C. N. Williams, and M. A. Palecki, 2010: On the reliability of the U.S. Surface Temperature Record, J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1029/2009JD013094, in press. (accepted 7 January 2010)

Peterson, T.C., and D.R. Easterling, 1994: Creation of homogeneous composite climatological reference series, Int. J. Climatol., 14, 671-680.

Peterson and Vose, 1997 An Overview of the Global Historical Climatology Network Temperature Database

Quayle, R.G., D.R. Easterling, T.R. Karl, and P.Y. Hughes, 1991:
Effects of recent thermometer changes in the cooperative station network, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 72, 1718-1724.

UNITED STATES HISTORICAL CLIMATOLOGY NETWORK
MONTHLY TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATION DATA
http://cdiac.ornl.gov/epubs/ndp/ushcn/ndp019.html

See also:

GHCN: High Alt, High Lat, Rural (broberg @ whiteboard)

GHCN: preliminary results (tamino @ openmind)

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